पुटमेतत् सुपुष्टितम्

in connection with a grammatical operation: cf. कार्य एत्वे सयमीकारमाहुः ।| अभैष्म इत्येतस्य स्थाने अभयीष्मेति । R.Pr. XIV.16; cf. also विप्रतिषेधे परं कार्यम् P. I.4.2; (3) a grammatical opera- tion as for instance in the phrases द्विकार्ययोगे, त्रिकार्ययोगे etc.; cf. also गौणमुख्ययोर्मुख्ये कार्यसंप्रत्ययः Par. Śek. Pari. 15;(4) object of a transitive verb: cf. शेषः कार्ये Śāk.

कार्यकाल along with the operation; cf. कार्यकालं संज्ञापरिभाषम् , rules laying down technical terms and regulat- ing rules are to be interpreted along with the rules that prescribe or enjoin operations ( provided the technical terms occur in those rules, or, the regulating rules con- cern those rules). See Pari. Śek. Pari 3.

कार्यकालपरिभाषा one of the important Paribhāṣā, regarding the applica- tion of the Paribhāṣā rules. See कायैकाल. For details see Par. Śek. Pari. 3.

कार्यातिदेश looking upon the substi- tute as the very original for the sake of operations that are caused by the presence of the original;the word is used in contrast with रूपातिदेश where actually the original is re- stored in the place of the substitute on certain conditions. For details see Mahābhāṣya on द्विर्वचनेचि P. 1.1.59.

कार्यिन् the word or wording that undergoes the operation; cf. सतो हि कार्यिणः कार्येण भवितव्यम् M. Bh. on I.1. 1. Vārt. 7, also कार्यमनुभवन् हि कार्यो निमित्ततया नाश्रीयते Par. Śek. Pari. 10.

काल notion of time created by differ- ent contacts made by a thing with other things one after another. Time required for the utterance of a short vowel is taken as a unit of time which is called मात्रा or

कालमात्रा, lit. measurement of time; (2) degree of a vowel, the vowels being looked upon as possessed of three degrees ह्रस्व,दीर्घ,& प्लुत measur- ed respectively by one, two and three mātrās; cf. ऊकालोSझ्रस्वदीर्घप्लुतः P.I.2.27; (3) time notion in gene- ral, expressed in connection with an activity in three ways past (भूत), present (वर्तमान), and future (भविष्यत्) to show which the terms भूता, वर्तमाना and भविष्यन्ती were used by ancient grammarians; cf the words पूर्वकाल, उत्तरकाल; also cf. पाणि- न्युपज्ञमकालकं व्याकरणम् Kāś. on P. II. 4.21 ; (4) place of recital ( पाठदेश ) depending on the time of recital, cf. न परकालः पूर्वकाले पुनः (V.Pr.III. 3) a dictum similar to Pāṇini's पूर्वत्रा- सिद्धम् P. VIII.2.1.

कालदुष्ट a word not sanctioned by rules of grammar. The word pro- bably refers to the corruption tak- ing place in connection with the use of a word on account of lapse of time: cf. कालदुष्टा अपशब्दाः Durgh. Vr. on II.2.6.

कालनिदर्शक signifying time; cf. काल- निदर्शकाः प्रत्यया एते लुट् लिट् लट् इत्यादयः.

कालभेद difference in the time of utterance; cf. किमुच्यते विवारभेदादिति । न पुनः कालभेदादपि । M. Bh. on Siva Sutra 1.

कालव्यवाय interval of time: cf. अान्य- भाव्यं तु कालशब्दव्यवायात् । कालव्यवायात् । दण्ड अग्रम् । M. Bh. on Śiva sūtra 1.

कालसामान्य time in general; unspeci- fied time; cf. वर्तमाने लडुक्तः कालसामान्ये न प्राप्नोति Kāś. on P.III.3.142.

काव्यकामधेनु name of the comm- entary by Bopadeva on his own work कविकल्पद्रुम. See कविकल्पद्रुम.

काशकृत्स्न (l)an ancient grammarian and philosopher referred to in the Mahābhāṣya; (2) the work on grammar by Kāśakṛtsna; cf.पाणिनिना