Literature added to roots ending in अा, the root ऋ, and the roots गम्, हन् and जन्; e.g. पपि; सोमं, जगुरिः, जग्मिः etc., cf. P. III.2.171: (2) a term used in the Jainendra Vyākaraṇa for the term संबुद्वि.
किंवृत्त a form derived from the pro- noun किम्; cf. किमो वृत्तं किंवृत्तम् । किंवृत्त- ग्रहणेन तद्विभक्त्यन्तं प्रतीयाड्डतरडतमौ च। Kāś. on P. VIII.1.48.
किंशुलकादि a class of words headed by the word किंशुलक, which get their final vowel lengthened when the word गिरि is placed after them as a second member of a compound, provided the word so formed is used as a proper noun; e. g. किंशुल- कागिरिः, अञ्जनागिरिः; cf. Kāś. on P. VI.3.117.
कित् (l) marked with the mute letter क् which is applied by Pāṇini to affixes, for preventing guṇa and vṛddhi substitutes to the pre- ceding इक् vowel (इ, उ, ऋ or लृ); cf.क्ङिति च, Pāṇ. I.1.5; (2) con- sidered or looked upon as marked with mute indicatory क् for pre- venting guna; cf. असंयोगाल्लिट् कित् and the following P.I.2.5 etc. The affixes of the first type are for instance क्त, क्त्वा, क्तिन् and others. The affixes of the second type are given mainly in the second pada of the first Adhyāya by Pāṇini. Be- sides the prevention of guṇa and wrddhi, affixes marked with कु or affixes called कित्, cause Saṁprasā- raṇa (see P. VI.1.15,16), elision of the penultimate न् (P.VI.4.24), elision of the penultimate vowel (P. VI.4.98,100), lengthening of the vowel (VI.4.15), substitution of ऊ (VI.4.19,21), elision of the final nasal (VI. 4.37), substitution of अI (VI.4.42). The taddhita affixes which are marked with
mute क् cause the Vṛddhi substi- tute for the first vowel in the word to which they are added.
कित्करण marking with the mute letter क्, or looking upon as marked with mute क् for purposes men- tioned above; ( see कित् above ). The word is often used in the Mahābhāṣya; see M.Bh. on I. 1. 3, 5, 46; I.2.5, etc.
किन kṛt affix इ prescribed along with कि. See कि above. The affix किन् causes the acute accent on the first vowel of the word ending with it, while the affix ki ( इ ) has itself the acute accent on its vowel इ.
किरादि a class of roots headed by the root कॄ, viz. the five roots कॄ, गॄ, दृ, धृ and प्रच्छ् after which the desidera- tive sign, i.e. the affix सन्, gets the augment इ (इट्); e.g. चिकरिषति, पिप्रच्छिषति: cf. Kāś. on P.VII.2.75.
किशरादि, किसरादि a class of words headed by किसर meaning some kind of scent, which get the taddhita affix इक (ष्टन्) applied to them when the word so formed means 'a dealer of that thing;' e.g. किशारिकः, किशारिकी cf; Kāś. on P. IV.4.53.
कील्हार्न् Kielhorn F., a sound scholar of Sanskrit Grammar who brought out excellent editions of the Pātañj- ala Mahābhāṣya and the Paribhāṣ- enduśekhara and wrote an essay on the Vārttikas of Kātyāyana. For details see Pātañjala Mahābhāṣya Vol VII.p.40, D. E society edition, Poona.
कु (l) guttural class of consonants, ie the consonants क्, ख्, ग्, घ्, ङ् The vowel उ added to क्, signifies the class of क्. e. g. चजोः कु घिण्यतो, VII.3.52, कुहोश्चुः VII.4.62, चोः कुः