पुटमेतत् सुपुष्टितम्

the properties, श्वास, अघोष, अल्पप्राण and कण्ठविवृतत्व. च् at the beginning of an affix is mute e. g. च्फञ्, cf. चुट् P. I. 3.7; words, having the mute letter च् (dropped), have their last vowel accented acute e. g. भङ्गुरम् । भासुरम् । cf. चित: VI. 1.163.

(l) the letter च्, the vowel अ being added for facility of utter- ance, cf T. Pr. I. 21; (2) a Bra- tyahara or short term standing for the palatal class of consonants च्, छ्, ज्,झ् and ञ्; cf इचशेयास्तालौ V. Pr. I. 66; (3) indeclinable च call- ed Nipata by Panini; cf. चादयोSसत्त्वे P. I. 4.57, च possesses four senses समुच्चय, अन्वाचय, इतरेतरयोग and समाहार cf. Kas. on II. 2.29. See also M. Bh. on II. 2.29 Vart. 15 for a detailed explanation of the four senses. The indeclinable च is sometimes used in the sense of 'a determined mention' or ava- dharana; cf. Kas. on II. 1.48 and 72. It is also used for the pur- pose of अनुवृत्ति or अनुकर्षण i. e. drawing a word from the previous rule to the next rule; (cf. M. Bh. on P. VI. 1.90) with a convention that a word drawn thus, does not proceed to the next rule; cf. चानुकृष्टं नोत्तरत्र Par. Sek Pari. 78; (4) a conventional term for अभ्यास (reduplicative syllable) used in the Jainendra Vyakarana; cf. चविकारेषु अपवादा उत्सर्गान्न बाधन्ते Kat. Pari. 75.

चकार the consonant च् , the vowel अ being added for facility of utter- ance and कार as an affix to show that only the consonant च् is meant there; cf. T. Pr. I. 16, 2l.

चकोर a grammarian who .wrote a commentary on the 'Sabdalin- garthacandrika of Sujanapandita.

चक्कनशर्मा a grammarian who is said to have written a work named Dhatusamgraha.

चक्रक a kind of fault in the appli- cation of operations, resulting in confusion; a fault in which one returns to the same place not immediately as in Anavastha but after several steps; cf. पुनर्ऋच्छिभावः पुनराट् इति चक्रकमव्यवस्था प्राप्नोति । M. Bh. on I. 3.60 Vart 5.

चक्रकारक known by the name कारक- चक्र also, a small work on syntax attributed to वररुचि.

चक्रपाणि ( शेष ) a grammarian of the Sesa family of the latter half of the 17th century who held views against Bhattoji Diksita and wrote प्रौढमनोरमाखण्डन, कारकतत्व and कारकविचार.

चक्रिन् a grammarian who has written a small disquisition on the correctness of the form जाग्रहीता. See जाग्रहीतेतिवाद.

चङ् a Vikarana affix of the aorist substituted for च्लि after roots ending in the causal sign णि, as also after the roots श्रि, द्रु and others; this चङ् causes reduplication of the preceding root form; cf. P. III 1.48-50, e. g. अचूचुरत्, अशिश्रियत्; cf. also P. VII. 4.93.

चङ्गदास a grammarian who has written a work on the topic of the five vrttis. The work is named चङ्गवृति.

चङ्गवृत्ति a short treatise written by वङ्गदास, dealing with the topic of the five compact expressions or Vrttis viz. कृत्, तद्वित, समास, एकशेष, and सनादिधातु.

चङ्गुदास or चाड्गुदास a scholar of grammar who has written an inde- pendent work on Sanskrit Vyaka- ana called वैयाकरणजीवातु. The trea-