a class of 30 roots headed by the root ज्वल दीप्तौ and given as चल कम्पने, जल घातने etc; cf: ज्वलितिकसन्तेभ्यो णः P. III. 1.140.
झ्fourth consonant of the palatal class of consonants possessed of the properties नादानुप्रदान, घोष, संवृतकण्ठत्व, and महाप्राणत्व; झ् at the beginning of an affix in Panini Sutras is mute; e. g. the affixes झि, झ etc.; cf चुटूं P. I. 3.7.
झ a verbal ending of the 3rd pers. Atm. for ल ( i.e. लकार ); cf P.III.4. 78;for the letter झ् , अन्त् is substitu- ted; cf. झोन्तः P. VIII.1.3, but ईरे in the perfect tense; cf. P. III. 4.81 and रन् in the potential and bene- dictive moods; cf. P. III. 4.85.
झच् wording of the affix झ (see above) suggested by the Varttikakara to have the last vowel of अन्त acute, by चितः (P.VI.1.163) the property चित्व being transferred from the original झ to अन्त; cf. Kas. तथा च झचश्चित्करणमर्थवद् भवति on P.VII.1.3.
झय् a short term ( प्रत्याहार ) for the fourth, third, second and first con- sonants of the five classes, after which ह् is changed into the cog- nate of the preceding consonant while श्， is changed into छ् option- ally; cf. P. VIII. 4.62, 63.
झर् a short term ( प्रत्याहार ) for any consonant except semi-vowels, nasals and ह्; cf. P. VIII.4.65.
झल् a short term (प्रत्याहार ) for conso- nants excepting semi-vowels and nasals; cf. P.I.2.9, VI.1.58, VI.4. 15, VII.1.60, VIII. 2.39 and VIII.4.53.
झश् short term ( प्रत्याहार ) for the fourth and the third of the class consonants; cf. P, VIII. 4.53, 54.
झष्short term ( प्रत्याहार ) for the fourth ( झ, भ, घ, ढ and ध) of the class consonants; cf. P.VIII. 2.37, 40.
झि (1) verb-ending of the 3rd pers. pl. Parasmaipada, substituted for the लकार of the ten lakaras, chang- ed to जुस in the potential and the benedictive moods, and optionally so in the imperfect and after the sign स् of the aorist; cf.P,III. 4. 82, 83, 84, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112: (2) a conventional term for अव्यय (in- declinable) used in the Jainendra Vyakaraha.
झित् a term, meaning 'having झ् as इत्' used by the Varttikakra in con- nection with those words in the rules of Panini which themselves as well as words referring to their special kinds, are liable to under- go the prescribed operation; cf. झित् तस्य च तद्विशेषाणां च मत्स्याद्यर्थम्। पक्षिमत्स्यमृगान् हन्ति। मात्त्प्यिक;। तद्विशेषाणाम्। शाफरिकः शाकुलिकः । M.Bh.on P.I. 1. 68 Vart. 8.
ञ् (1) the nasal (fifth consonant) of the palatal class of consonants possess- ed of the properties नादानुप्रदान, घोष, कण्टसंवृतत्व, अल्पप्राण and अानुनासिक्य; (2) mute letter, characterized by which an affix signifies वृद्धि for the pre- ceding vowel; ञ् of a taddhita affix, however, signifies वृद्धि for the first vowel of the word to which the affix is added; (3) a mute letter added to a root at the end to signify that the root takes verb-endings of both the padas.
ञtad. affix अ; cf. P. IV. 2. 58, 106, 107 and IV.4.129.
ञम् a short term (प्रत्याहार ) for the five nasal consonants ङ् ,ञ्, ण्, न्, and म् .