पुटमेतत् सुपुष्टितम्

लाक्षिकम्, रौचनिकम् ; cf. P. IV. 2.2; (3) to the words दधि and उदश्वित् in the sense of संस्कृत 'made better ', e. g. दाधिकम् , औदश्वित्कम् ( क instead of इक substituted for टक् ), cf. P. IV.2. 18, 19; (4) to the words अाग्रहायुणी, अश्वत्थ etc.; cf. P. IV. 2. 22, 23; (5) to words expressive of inanimate objects, to the words हस्ति and धेनु, as also to the words केश and अश्व in the sense of 'multitude '; cf. P. IV. 2. 47, 48; (6) to the words क्रतु, उक्थ and words ending in सूत्र, वसन्त etc., in the sense of 'students of' ( तदधीते तद्वेद ), cf. P. IV. 2.59, 60, 63; (7) to the words कुमुद and others as also to शर्करा as a चातुरर्थिक affix; cf. P. IV. 2.80, 84; (8) to the words कन्था, भवत् and वर्षा in the Saisika senses; cf. P. IV. 2.102, 115, IV. 3.18; (9) to the words उपजानु and others in the sense 'generally present '; cf. P. IV. 3. 40; (10) to the words consisting of two syllables, and the words ऋक्, ब्राह्मण etc.in the sense of 'explanatory literary work'; cf. P. IV.3.72: ( 11) to words meaning 'sources of in- come ' in the sense of 'accruing from’; cf. P. IV. 3.75; (12) to words denoting inanimate things excepting words showing time or place in the sense of ' भक्ति ', cf P. IV. 8.96; and (13) to the words हल् and सीर in the sense of 'belong- ing to', cf. P. IV. 3.124. The tad. affix ठक् is added as a general termination, excepting in such cases where other affixes are pre- scribed, in specified senses like 'तेन दीव्यति, ' 'तेन खनति,' 'तेन संस्कृतम्' etc.; cf P. IV. 4.1-75, as also to words हल, सीर, कथा, विकथा, वितण्डा etc. in specified senses, cf. P. IV.4. 81, 102 ठक् is also added as a general tad. affix or अधिकारविहितप्रत्यय, in various specified senses, as pre-

scribed by P. V.1.19-63,and to the words उदर, अयःशूल,दण्ड, अजिन, अङ्गुली, मण्डल, etc. and to the word एकशाला, in the prescribed senses; cf. P. V. 2.67,76, V. 3.108,109; while, with- out making any change in sense it is added to अनुगादिन् , विनय, समय, उपाय ( औपयिक being the word formed), अकस्मात्, कथंचित्; (cf.आकस्मिक काथंचित्क), समूह,विशेष, अत्यय and others, and to the word वाक् in the sense of 'expressed'; cf. P. V. 4.13, 34, 35. The fem. affix ङीप् ( ई ) is added to words ending in the affix टक् to form fem. bases.

ठक्पाद a popular name given to the fourth pada of the fourth adhyaya of Panini's Astadhyayi.The pada be- gins with the rule प्राग्वहतेष्ठक् P.IV.4.1 prescribing the taddhita affix ठक् in the senses prescribed in rules be- . ginning with the next rule ' तेन दीव्यति खनति जयति जितम् ' and ending with the rule 'निकटे वसति' P.IV.4.73.

ठच tad. affix इक or क (by P.VII.3.51) with the vowel अ accented acute applied to (1) कुमुद and others as a Caturarthika affix; cf. P. IV.2.80; (2) to multisyllabic words and words beginning with उप which are proper nouns for persons; cf. P. V.3.78, 80; and (3) to the word एकशाला in the sense of इव; cf. P. V.3.109. The base, to which टच् is added, retains generally two sylla- bles or sometimes three, the rest being elided before the affix ठच् e. g. देविकः, वायुकः, पितृकः शेबलिकः etc. from the words देवदत्त, वायुदत्त, पितृ- दत्त, शेवलदत्त etc.; cf. P. V,3.83, 84.

ठञ् tad. affix इक or क (by P.VII.3.51) causing Vrddhi and acute accent for the first vowel of the word to which it is added, applied (1) to महृाराज, प्रोष्ठपद and क्वाचिन् in the specified.senses, cf. P. IV.2.35, 4l