पुटमेतत् सुपुष्टितम्

कौक्षेयम् etc, cf Kas'. on P. IV. 2. 20, 80, IV. 3. 42, 56, 57, 94, 159, IV.4.1 04, V.1.10,13,17, V.3.101.

ढिनुक् tad. affix एयिन् applied to the word छगलिन् in the sense of 'stude- nts following the text of ' e. g. छागलेयिनः in the sense छगलिना प्रोक्त- मधीयते ते; cf. Kas. on P. IV.3.109.

ढ्रक् tad. affix एर ( एय् + र ) applied in the sense of offspring to the word गोधा and optionally with ढक् to words meaning persons having a bodily defect or a low social status; e. g. गौधेरः, काणेरः दासेरः; काणेयः, दासेयः, cf Kas. on P. IV. 1. 129, 131.

ण् (l) fifth consonant of the lingual class of consonants possessed of the properties, नादानुप्रदान, घोष, संवृतक- ण्ठत्व, अल्पप्राण and अानुनासिक्यः (2) the mute letter ण् indicating the substitution of vrddhi ( cf. P. VII. 2. 115-117) when attached to affixes; (3) the consonant ण् at the beginn- ing of roots which is changed into न्; the roots, having ण् at the begi- nning changeable to न्, being call- ed णोपदेशः (4) ण् as a substitute for न् following the letters ऋ, ॠ, र्, and ष् directly, or with the intervention of consonants of the guttural and labial classes, but occurring in the same word, Such a substitution of ण् for न् is called णत्व;

cf. P.VIII.4.

I-39. For णत्व in Vedic Literature; cf. R. Pr.V.20-28, T.Pr.VII.1-12. V.Pr.III.84-88;(5) the consonant ण् added as an augment to a vowel at the beginning of a word when it follows the consonant ण् at the end of the previous word; cf. P. VIII. 3. 32. In the Vedic Pratisa- khyas this augment ण् is added to the preceding ण् and looked upon as a part of the previous word. 21

(1) krt affix अ, added optionally to the roots headed by ज्वल् and end- ing with कस् in the first conjuga- tion (see ज्वलिति above) in the sense of agent, and necessarily to the root श्यै, roots ending with अा and the roots व्यध्, आस्रु, संस्रु, इ with अति, सो with अव, हृ with अव, लिह्, श्लिष् and श्वस्, to the roots दु and नी with- out any prefix and optionally to ग्रह्: e. g. ज्वालः or ज्वलः, अवश्यायः, दायः, धायः, व्याधः, अास्त्रावः, संस्त्रवः, अत्यायः, अवसायः, अवहार:, लेहः, श्लेष:, श्वास:, दावः, नाय:, ग्रहः or ग्राहः: ; in the case of the root ग्रह् the affix ण is applied by ब्यवस्थितविभाषा, the word ग्रहः meaning a planet and the word ग्राहः meaning a crocodile; cf Kas. on P. III. 1.140-143; (2) krt affix अ in the sense of verbal activity ( भाव ) applied along with the affix अप् to the root अद् with नि; e.g.न्यादः निघसः; cf. P. III.3.60; (3) krt affix ण prescribed by the Varttikakara after the roots तन्, शील्. काम, भक्ष् and चर् with आ; cf. P.III.1.140 Vart 1, and III. 2.l Vart. 7; (4) tad. affix अ in the sense of अपत्य added along with टक् also, to a word referring to a female descendant (गेीत्रस्त्री) if the resultant word indicates censure ; e. g. गार्भ्यः गार्गिकः cf. P. IV.1.147, 150; (5) tad. affix अ in the sense of अपत्य added also with the affix फिञ्, to the word फाण्टाहृति: (6) tad. affix अ in the sense of 'a game' added to a word meaning 'an instrument in the game'; e.g. दाण्डा, मौष्टा: cf. P. IV.2.57: {7) tad. affix अ added to the word छत्त्र and others in the sense of 'habi- tuated to' e.g. छात्र:, शैक्षः, पौरोहः चौर:: cf. P.IV. 4.62: (8) tad. affix अ added to the words अन्न, भक्त, सर्व, पथिन् , यथाकथाच, प्रज्ञा, श्रद्धा, अर्चा, वृत्तिं and अरण्य in the senses specified with respect to each ; e.g. आन्नः