पुटमेतत् सुपुष्टितम्

(मनुष्यः) भाक्तः ( शालिः ), सार्वे ( सर्वस्मै हितम् ), पान्थः, याथाकथाचं (कार्यम्), प्राज्ञः or प्रज्ञावान् , श्राद्धः or श्रद्धावान् , अार्चः or अर्चावान् , घार्त्तः or वृत्तिमान् and अारण्याः ( सुमनसः ); cf. Kas. on P.IV. 4.85, 100, V.1.10, 76, 98, V.2.101 and IV.2.104 Varttika.

णच् krt affix अ in the sense of reci- procal action, added to any root; the affix णच् is to get necessarily the affix अञ् added to it followed by the fem. affix ई e.g. व्यावकोशी, व्यावहासी; cf. Kas, on P.III.3.43 and P. V. 4.14.

णत्व cerebralization; lingualization ; the substitution of ण् for न् under certain conditions; cf. P. VIII.4. 1-39. See ण.

णत्वपाद a popular name given by grammarians to the fourth pada cf. Panini's Astadhyayi, as the pada be- gins with the rule रषाभ्यां नो णः समानपदे and mainly gives rules about णत्व i. e. the substitution of the consonant ण् for न्.

णमुल् krt affix अम्, causing vrddhi to the final vowel or to the penul- timate अ, (!) added to any root in the sense of the infinitive in Vedic Literature when the connected root is शक्: e.g. अग्निं वै देवा विभाजं नाशक्नुवन; cf Kas. on P. III. 4.14; (2) added to any root to show frequency of a past action, when the root form ending with णमुल् is repeated to convey the sense of frequency : e.g. भोजं भोजं व्रजति, पायंपायं व्रजति, cf. Kas on P. III. 4.22; (3) added to a root showing past action and preceded by the word अग्रे, प्रथम or पूर्व, optionally along with the krt affix क्त्वा; e.g. अग्रेभोजं or अग्रे भुक्त्वा व्रजति; cf Kas. on P.III.4.24;(4) added in general to a root specified in P.III.4.25 to 64, showing a subordinate action and having the same subject as the

root showing the main action, provided the root to which णमुल् is added is preceded by an antecedent or connected word, such as स्वादुम् or अन्यथा or एवम् or any other given in Panini's rules; cf. P. III.4.26 to III.4.64; e.g. स्वादुंकारं भुङ्क्ते, अन्यथाकारं भुङ्क्ते, एवंकारं भुङ्क्ते, ब्राह्मणवेदं भोजयति, यावज्जीवमधीते, समूलकाषं कषति, समूलघातं हन्ति, तैलपेषं पिनष्टि, अजकनाशं नष्टः etc.; cf Kas. on P.III.4.26-64. When णमुल् is added to the roots कष्, पिष्, हन् and others mentioned in P. III. 4. 34 to 45, the same root is repeat- ed to show the principal action. The word ending in णमुल् has the acute accent (उदात) on the first vowel (cf. P.VI.I. 94) or on the vowel preceding the affix; cf. P. VI.1.193.

णमुल्तत्पुरुष a term used in connec- tion with the compound of the णमुलन्त with its उपपदं which precedes; e.g. अग्रेभोजम् , मूलकोपदंशम् : cf. P. II. 2.20, 21.

णल् personal ending अ substituted for तिप् and मिप् in लिट् or the perfect, and in the case of विद् and ,ब्रू in लट् or the pres. tense optionally; cf P. III, 4. 82, 83, 84. The affix णल् on account of being marked by the mute letter ण् causes vrddhi to the preceding vowel; the vrddhi is, however, optional in the case of the 1st pers. ( मिप् ) cf. P. VII.1.91. अौ is substituted for णल् after roots ending in आ; cf. P. VII .1.34.

णस् tad. affix अस् applied to the word पर्शू in the sense of collection. The original Varttika is पर्श्वाः सण् P. IV. 2. 43 Vart. 3. Some scho- lars read णस् in the place of सण् in the Varttika which is read as पर्श्वा णम् वक्तव्यः by them.

णि common term for णिङ् ( signifying Atmanepada ) and णिच्: cf; णेरणौ