पुटमेतत् सुपुष्टितम्

definition of the term कर्तुरीप्सिततमं कर्म or अाप्यं कर्म applies to one of the two, which is called the प्रधानकर्म or the direct object, the other one, which, in fact, is related to the ver- bal activity by relation of any other karaka or instrument is taken as karmakaraka and hence put in the accusative case. For details see Mahabhasya and Kasika on P.I.4.51. Some roots in their causal formation govern two objects out of which one object is the actual one while the other is the subject of the primitive root. e.g. गमयति माणवकं ग्रामम्; बोधयति माणवकं धर्मम्; cf Kas on P.I.4.52. See for details Mahabhasya on P. I. 4.52.

कार्ययोग simultaneous occurrence of two grammatical operations result- ing into a conflict and creating a doubt as to which of the two should take place first; cf.द्विकार्ययोगो हि विप्रतिषेधः M.Bh. on P.I.1.3 Vart. 6; I.1.12; etc. The term विप्रतिषेध occurring in the rule विप्रतिषेधे परं कार्यम् P. I.4.2 is evidently defined in this way by the word द्विकार्ययोग in the Mahabhsya.

द्विखण्ड a compound expression or word separated into two by ava- graha in the Padapatha; the word is misstated as दुखण्ड by some vedic reciters.

द्विगु name of a compound with a numeral as the first member. The compound is looked upon as a subdivision of the Tatpurusa com- Pound- The dvigu compound, having collection as its general sense, is declined in the neuter gender and singular number; when it ends in अ the fem. affix ङी is added generally, e. g. पञ्चपात्रम्, त्रिभुवनम्, पञ्चमूली. The Dvigu com- Pound also takes place when a

karmadharaya compound, having a word denoting a direction or a numeral as its first member, (a) has a tad. affix added to it e.g. पञ्चकपाळः (पुरोडाशः), or (b) has got a word placed after it in a com- pound e. g. पशञ्चगवधनः or (c) has a collective sense e.g. पञ्चपूली; cf. तद्वि- तार्थोत्तरपदसमाहारे च ( P. II.1.51 ) also, cf Kas. and S. K. om P.II.1.51,52.

द्विगुपाद a Popular name given by grammarians to the fourth quar- ter of the second Adhyaya of Panini's Astadhyayi which begins with the sutra द्विगुरेकवचनम् II. 4.1.

द्वितीय the second consonant in the five groups of consonants, surd aspirate, cf. T.Pr. I. 11: V. Pr.I. . 54, R. Pr. VI. 15; it is called द्वितीयतस्पर्श also.

द्वितीयद्विर्वचन the reduplication of a root beginning with a vowel prescribed by the rule अजादेर्द्वितीयस्य P. VI. 1.2.

द्वितीया the second case; the accusa- tive case, mainly prescribed for a word which is related as a karma- karaka to the activity in the sen- tence; cf P. II. 3.2 to 5,

द्वित्व doubling, reduplication pres- cribed for (I) a root in the per- fect tense excepting the cases where the affix अाम् is added to the root before the personal end- ing: e.g. बभूव, चकार, ऊर्णुनाव etc. cf P. VI. 1.1,2; (2) a root before the vikarana affixes सन्, यङ्, श्लु and चङ् e. g. बुभूषति, चेक्रीयते, चर्करीति, जुहोति, अचीकरत् etc. cf. P. VI. 1.9- l l ; (3) a word ending in अम् . ( णमुल् ) in the sense of repetition, e. g. स्मारं स्मारं वक्ष्ये, भोजं भोजं व्रजति cf. आभीक्ष्ण्ये द्वे भवतः P. VIII. 1.12 Vart. 7; (4) any word (a) in the sense of constant or frequent action, (b) in the sense of repetition, (c) showing