पुटमेतत् सुपुष्टितम्

reproach, or scorn, or quality in the sense of its incomplete possess-, ion, or (d) in the vocative case at the beginning of a sentence in some specified senses; reduplication is also prescribed for the prepositions परि, प्र, सम्, उप, उद्, उपरि, अधि, अघस् in some specified senses cf. P. VIII. 1.1 to 15. A letter ex- cepting हृ and र्, is also repeated, if so desired, when (a) it occurs after the letter ह् or र् , which is pre- ceded by a vowel e g. अर्क्कः अर्द्धम् etc. cf VIII. 4.46; or when (b) it is preceded by a vowel and follow- ed by a consonant e. g. दद्ध्यत्र, म्द्धवत्र cf. P. VIII. 4.47. For details see Kas. on VIII. 4.46-52. The word द्वित्व is sometimes used in the sense of the dual number; cf. Kas. on P. I.2.51. The words द्वित्व, द्विर्वचन and द्विरुक्त are generally used as synonyms. Panini generally uses the word द्वे. For द्वित्व in Vedic Literature cf. R. Pr. VI. 1.4; T. Pr. XIV. 1-8 V, Pr. IV. 101-118.

द्विदण्ड्यादि a class of words, which are headed by the word द्विदण्डि and which are all bahuvrihi com- pounds, to which the affix इ is found added as a Samasanta affix e. g- द्विदण्डिः, सपदि etc.; cf Kas. on P.v. 4.128.

द्विरुक्ति repetition of a word, or of a letter or of a root. See द्वित्व.

द्विरुच्चारण phonemic utterance a second time; see द्वित्व.

द्विरूपवत् phonemically repeated; see द्वित्व.

द्विर्भाव repetition, reduplication. See द्वित्व.

द्विर्वचन see द्वित्व and द्विरुक्ति; the word is very frequently used in the Mahabhasya instead of द्वित्व. cf. M Bh on I. 1. Ahnika 1, I. 1.7, 10, 57, 59. etc. etc.

द्विवचन a case affix of the dual num- ber; dual number; a word in the dual number; cf M. Bh. on I. - 1,11, I. 4.21 etc.: cf. द्वयोरर्थयोर्वचनं द्विवचनम् Kas. on P. V. 3.57.

द्विवचस् a word in the dual number ; cf. षष्ठादयश्च द्विवचोन्तभाजः R. Pr. I. 28 where the word द्विवचस् is explain- ed as द्विवचनाभिधायिनः by Uvvata.

द्विचत् a syllable consisting of two consonants; cf. R. T. 245.

द्विवर्ण (1) a repeated consonant; cf. द्विवर्णमेकवर्णवत्, V. Pr. IV. 144: (2) doubling, repetition: cf ह्रस्वपूर्वो ङकारो द्विवर्णम् T. Pr. IX. 18; cf. also T. Pr. XIV. 1, R. Pr. IX. 18.

द्विस् double reduplicated; the word is frequently used in connection with doubling of consonants or words in the PratiSakhya Litera- ture as also in the Katantra, Sakatayana and Haima grammars cf. R. Pr. VI. 1, XV. 5, V. Pr. IV. 101, R, T. 264; cf. also Kat. III. 8.10, Sak. IV. 1.43; Hem. IV. 1.1.

द्विसन्धि a kind of विवृत्ति or interval of time in the pronunciation of two consecutive vowels, which as a result of two euphonic changes has a vowel preceded by a vowel and followed also by a vowel: e. g. अभूदुभा उ अंशवे, R. Pr. II. 44.

द्विस्वर possessed of two vowels,dis- syllabic; cf. न पदे द्विस्वरे नित्यम् T. Pr. XVI. 17. द्विस्स्पृष्ट a term used for an upadhmaniya letter or a phonetic element resulting from a visarga followed by the letter प्, or फ़्. See उपध्मांनीय.The word is also used sometimes for the pronunciation ळ् of ड्, and ळ्ह् of ढ्. See दुःस्पृष्ट.

द्विहल् possessed of two consecutive consonants; cf. तस्मान्नुड् द्विहलः, P. VII. 4 71 : cf also M. Bh. on VI. 1.68.