applied to the words स्त्री and पुंस् in senses given from P. IV. 1.92 to V. 2.1 e. g. स्त्रैणं, पौंस्नम् cf. IV. 1.87.
नकार the consonant न to which the vowel अ and the affix कार are added for facility of utterance; e. g. तथा नकार उदये नकारे R. Pr. IV.; cf. V. Pr. I. 17, 21.
नङ् krt affix न applied to the roots यज्, याच्, यत् and others in the sense of verbal activity; e. g. यज्ञ; याञ्चा, यत्नः etc. cf. P. III. 3.90, 91. See न (5).
नजिङ् krt. affix नज् applied to the roots स्वप्, तृष् and धृष् in the sense of 'habituated' e. g. स्वप्नक् धृष्णक् ; See Kas. on P. III. 2.172.
नञ् the negative particle ( नञ् ) which possesses the six senses which are sketched as सादृश्यं तदभावश्च तदन्यत्वं तदल्पता । अप्राशस्त्यं विरोधश्च नञर्थाः षट् प्रकीर्तिताः and which are res- pectively illustrated by the examples अनिक्षुः शरः, भूतले घटो नास्ति, अघट: पट:, अनुदरमुदरं तरुण्याः, अब्राह्मणो वार्धुषिकः and असुर: दैत्य: । See न (6).
नञ्तत्पुरुष a compound with न as its first member which is changed into अ or अन्, or remains unchanged, the indeclinable न (नञ् ) possessing any one of the six senses given above under न (6); e. g अब्राह्मणः, अनश्वः, नमुचिः etc.; cf. P. VI. 3 73-77.
नञ्समास a compound with न (नञ् ) as its first member; the term is found used in the Mahabhasya for both the नञ्तत्पुरुष as well as the नञ्बहुव्रीहि compounds; cf. M.Bh. on P.I.4.1 Vart. 19, also on P. II.1.1.
नञ्स्वरबलीयस्त्व the superiority, or strength of the accent caused by नञ्समास which sets aside the accent caused by the case affix; cf. विभक्तिस्वरान्नञ्स्वरो बलीयान् P. VI. 2.158 Vart. 13,
नडादि (l) a class of words headed by the word नड to which the tad.affix आयन ( फक् ) is added in the sense of गोत्र ( grandchild and further descendants); e. g, नाडायनः, चारायणः; cf. Kas. on P. IV.1. 99; (2) a class of words headed by नड to which the affix ईय (छ) is added, together with the augment क placed after the word and before the affix, in the four senses prescribed in P. IV.2. 67-70; e.g. नडकीयम् , प्लक्षकीयम् ; cf. Kas. on P. IV. 2. 91.
नत cerebralized; changed into ण्. The change of the consonant न् into ण् is called नति in the old Pratisakhya works; cf. स्पर्शे वोष्मणि चानते R. Pr. IV. 11.
नति lit.inclination, bending down; the word is used generally in the tec- hnical sense of 'cerebralization' but applied to the change of न् into ण् as also that of स् into ष्; cf. दन्त्यस्य मूर्धन्यापत्तिर्नतिः, V. Pr.I. 42. The root नम् is used in the sense of 'cere- bralizing ' or 'being cerebraliz- ed' very frequently in the Pratisa- khya works; e.g. the word नम्यते is used in the sense of 'is cerebra- lized'; नमयति in the sense of 'cerebralizes' and नामिंन् in the sense of 'causing cerebralization'; cf. ऋकारादयो दश नामिन: स्वराः, पूर्वो नन्ता नतिषु नम्यमुत्तरम् R. Pr. I. 27.
नदी a technical term applied in Panini's grammar to words in the feminine gender ending in ई and ऊ excep- ting a few like स्त्री,श्री, भ्रू and others; it is optionally applied to words ending in इ and उ, of course in the fem. gender, before case affix- es of the dative, ablative, genitive and locative sing. The term was probably in use before Panini and was taken from the fem. word नदी which was taken as a model. Very