पुटमेतत् सुपुष्टितम्

thing, which is brought into exist- ence by a cause, disappears on the disappearance of the cause. The maxim is not, of course, universally applicable. For details see Par. Sek. Pari. 56, Sira. Pari. 99.

निमित्तिन् an affix or an augment or a substitute taking place on account of certain formal causes or nimi- ttas; cf. निर्ज्ञातार्थो निमित्तमनिर्ज्ञातार्थो निमित्ती, इह च प्रत्ययोऽनिर्ज्ञातः प्रकृत्युपपदो- पाधयो निर्ज्ञाताः M. BSh. on III. l . l Vart. 2.

नियत (1)regulated in size or number; definitely fixed; the word नियत is used in grammar in connection with the nimitta or nimittin in a gram- matical operation prescribed by a rule, which, or a part of which, is shown to be superfluous unless there is laid down a regulation; cf. शेषग्रहणं कर्तव्यम् । शेषनियमार्थम् | प्रकृत्यर्थौ नियतौ प्रत्यया अनियतास्ते शेषेपि प्राप्नुवन्ति M.Bh. on I.3.12 Vart. 6; (2) The grave accent; cf उदात्तपूर्वं नियतं... स्वर्यते RPr.III.9.

नियतस्वर (1) an affix whose accent is definitely given by an indicatory mute letter applied to it; cf. M.Bh. on I.1.3; (2) the grave accent; a syllable with a grave accent; grave vowel; cf. नियतस्वरोदये R.Pr.XI.25; (3) name of a Samdhi when a visarga is changed into रेफ and then omitted and the preceding vowel is lengthened; cf ह्रस्वस्याकाम- नियता उभाविमौ R.Pr. IV.9; cf. also P. VIII.3.14 and VI.3.111.

नियम (1)restriction; regulation; bind- ing; the term is very frequently used by grammarians in connec- tion with a restriction laid down with reference to the applica- tion of a grammatical rule gene- rally on the strength of that rule,

or a part of it, liable to become superfluous if the restriction has not been laid down; cf. M.Bh. on I. 1. 3, Kas. on I. 3.63, VI. 4.11; cf. also the frequently quoted dictum अनियमे नियमकारिणी परिभाषा; (2) limitation as contrasted with विकल्प or कामचार; cf. अनेकप्राप्तावेकस्य नियमो भवति शेषेष्वनियम; पटुमृदुशुक्लाः पटुशुक्लमृदव इति; M. Bh. on II. 2. 34 Vart. 2; (3) a regulating rule; a restrictive rule, corresponding to the Parisam- khya statement of the Mimamsakas, e. g. the rule अनुदात्तङित आत्मनेपदम् P. I.3.12; the grammarians gene- rally take a rule as a positive in- junction avoiding a restrictive sense as far as possible; cf. the dictum विधिनियमसंभवे विधिरेव ज्यायान्. Par. Sek. Pari. 100; the commentators have given various kinds of restrictions,. such as प्रयोगनियम,अभिधेयनियम,अर्थनियम, प्रत्ययनियम, प्रकृतिनियम, संज्ञानियम etc.etc.; (4) grave accent or anudatta; cf. उदात्तपूर्वं नियतम् R. Pr. III. 9; see नियत (2).

नियामक limiting; limitative; cf. तुः क्रियते । स नियामको भविष्यति । अमेवापञ्चम्याः इति M. Bh, on II. 4.83; cf. also लोके निमित्तं द्विविधं दृष्टम् । कार्यस्थितौ नियामकं तदनियामकं च Par. Sek. Pari. 56.

नियोग an obligatory order or command, such as that of a pre- ceptor, as contrasted with स्वभाव; cf धातोः परः अकारोऽकशब्दो वा नियोगतःकर्तारं ब्रुवन्कृत्संज्ञश्च भवति ......... स्वभावतः कर्तारं ब्रुवन्कृत्संज्ञश्च भवति etc. M. Bh. on P. III. 4.67 Vart. 8 where Kaiyata explains नियोग as अाचार्यनियोग.

निरनुनासिक pure, unnasalized, as opposed to सानुनासिक nasalized. cf. सन्ति हि यणः सानुनासिका निरनुनासिकाश्च । M.Bh. on I. 1. Ahnika 1.

निरनुबन्धक possessed of no mute indicatory letter; not possessed of any mute indicatory letter; cf. क्व