पुटमेतत् सुपुष्टितम्

cf. यञञ्भ्यामुक्तत्वादर्थस्य न्याय्योत्पत्तिर्न भवि- ष्यति M. Bh. on II.3.1 where Kai- yata however, explains the word differently. Kaiyata states that न्याय्य means a general rule; cf.उत्सर्गः पूर्वाचार्यप्रसिद्ध्या न्याय्य उच्यते Kaiyata on P. II. 3.1. By Pūrvācārya he pos- sibly refers to the writers of the Prātiśākhyas and other similar works by ancient grammarians, where the word nyāya is used in the sense of 'a general rule '. See the word न्याय above.

न्यास (1) lit. position, placing;a word used in the sense of actual ex- pression or wording especially in the sūtras; cf. the usual expression क्रियते एतन्न्यास एव in the Mahābhāșya, cf. M. Bh. on I. 1.11, 1.1.47 etc.; (2) a name given by the writers or readers to works of the type of learned and scholarly comme- ntaries on vŗitti-type-works on standard sūtras in a Śāstra; e. g. the name Nyāsa is given to the learned commentaries on the Vŗtti on Hemacandra's Śabdā- nuśasana as also on the Pari- bhāşāvŗtti by Hemahamsagani. Similarly the commentary by Devanandin on Jainendra gram- mar and that by Prabhācandra on the Amoghāvŗtti on Śākatāyana grammar are named Nyāsa. In the same way, the learned com- mentary on the Kāśikāvŗtti by Jinendrabuddhi, named Kāśi- kāvivaranapaňjikā by the author, is very widely known by the name Nyāsa. This commentary Nyāsa was written in the eighth century by the Buddhist grammarian Jinen- drabuddhi, who belonged to the eastern school of Pānini's Grammar. This Nyāsa has a learned co- mmentary written on it by Maitreya Rakșita in the twelfth

century named Tantrapradipa which is very largely quoted by subsequent grammarians, but which unfortunately is available only in a fragmentary state at present. Haradatta, a well-known southern scholar of grammar has drawn considerably from Nyāsa in his Padamañjarī, which also is well-known as a scholarly work.

न्यासोद्द्योत a learned commentary on Jinendrabuddhi's Nyāsa written by Mallinātha, the standard com- mentator of prominent Sanskrit classics.

न्यून incomplete in sense or wording as opposed to Pūrņa; cf. अयवावे न्यूने ( पादे न संनिकृष्येते ) R. T. 76.

प् (l) first consonant of the labial class of consonants possessed of the properties श्वासानुप्रदान, अघोष, and कण्ठविवृतत्व; ( 2 ) प् applied as a mute letter to a suffix, making the suffix accented grave (अनुदात्त).

प, पकार the consonant प्, the vowel अ and the affix कार being added for facility of understanding and pronunciation; cf T.Pr. I. 17, 21 ; प is also used as a short term for consonants of the fifth class (पवर्ग); cf. T. Pr. 1.27; V. Pr. I. 64 and R. T. 13.

पक्ष alternative view or explanation presented by, or on behalf of, a party ; one of the two or more way of presenting a matter. The usual terms for the two views are पूर्वपक्ष and उत्तरपक्ष, when the views are in conflict. The views, if not in conflict, and if stated as alternative views, can be many in number, e. g. there are seven alternative views or Pakșas re :