the interpretation of the rule इको गुणवृद्धी; cf. M. Bh. on P. I. 1.3; cf. also सर्वेषु पक्षेषु उपसंख्यानं कर्तव्यम् M. Bh. on P. I. 2.64.
पक्षादि a class of words headed by the word पक्ष to which the tad- dhita affix अायन ( फक् ) causing vŗddhi is added in the four senses given in P. IV. 2.67-70; e. g. पाक्षायण:, अाश्मायनः etc.; cf. Kāś. on P. IV. 2.80.
पचादि a class of roots headed by the root पच् to which the kŗt. affix अ ( अच् ) is added in the sense of 'an agent'; e. g. श्वपचः, चोरः, देवः etc. The class पचादि is described as अाकृतिगण and it is usual with commentators to make a remark पचाद्यच् when a kŗt affix अ is seen after a root without causing the vŗddhi substitute to the preced- ing vowel or to the penultimate vowel अ. cf. अज्विधिः सर्वधातुभ्यः पठ्यन्ते च पचादय: । अण्बाधनार्थमेव स्यात् सिध्यन्ति श्वपचादघ: Kāś. on P. III. 1.134.
पञ्चपदी a term used in the Atharva- Prātiśākhya for the strong case affixes viz. the nominative case affixes and the accusative sing. and dual affixes; cf. चत्वारि क्षैप्रञ्च पञ्चपद्यामन्तोदात्तादीनि यात् A. Pr. I. 3.14. The term corresponds to the Sarvanāmasthāna of Pāņini, which is also termed सुट् ; cf. सुडन- पुंसकस्य P. I. 1.43.
पञ्चम the fifth consonant of the five classes of consonants; the nasal consonant, called also वर्गपञ्चम; cf. यथा तृतीयास्तथा पञ्चमा आनुनासिक्यवर्जम् M. Bh. on P. I. 1.9 Vārt. 2.
पञ्चमी (1) the fifth case;ending of the fifth or ablative case as prescrib- ed by rules of Pāņini cf. अपादाने पञ्चमी, P. II. 3-7, 10, etc. (2) the imperative mood; cf. Kāt.III.1.18.
पञ्चमीनिर्देश statement by the abla-
tive case, cf. डः सि धुट् P. VIII. 3.29;cf. उभयनिर्देशे पञ्चमीनिर्देशे; बलीयान् e. g. ङमो ह्रस्वादचि ङमुण्नित्यम् P. VIII. 3.32, Par. Sek. Pari. 70; cf. also उभयानिर्देशे विप्रतिषेधात्पञ्चमीनिर्देशः M. Bh. on P.I. 1.67 Vārt. 3.
पञ्चालपदवृत्ति the usage or the me- thod of the Pañcālas; the eastern method of euphonic combinations, viz. the retention of the vowel अ after the preceding vowel ओ which is substituted for the Visarga; e. g. यो अस्मै; cf. R. Pr. II. 12; T. Pr. XI. 19. This vowel अ which is retained, is pro- nounced like a short ओ or अर्ध- ओकार by the followers of the Sātyamugri and Rāņāyaniya bran- ches of the Sāmavedins; cf. com- mentary on T. Pr. XI. 19 as also M. Bh. Āhnika 1.
पञ्जिका a popular name given to critical commentaries by scholars; cf. काशिकाविवरणपञ्जिका by Jinendra- buddhi which is popularly known by the name न्यास.
पटच् tad. affix पट in the sense of extent ( विस्तार ) added to the word अवि; e. g. अविपटम् cf. विस्तारे पटज्वक्तव्यः, P. V. 2.29 Vārt. 2.
पठन oral recital, the word is used in connection with the use of words by the author himself in his text which he is supposed to have handed over orally to his disciples, as was the case with the ancient Vedic and Sūtra works; cf. the words पठित, पठिष्यते, पठ्यते and the like, frequently used in the Mahābhāșya in connection with the mention of words in the Sūtras of Pāņini.
पण्डित writer of Citprabhā, a com- mentary on the Paribhāșendu- śekhara. A commentary on the Laghuśabdenduśekhara is also as-