पुटमेतत् सुपुष्टितम्

combinations. When, however, an operation is prescribed for two or more padas, it is necessary that the two padas or words must be syntactically connectible; cf. समर्थः पदविधिः P. II.1.1.

पदविराम pause between two words measuring two mātrās, or equal to the time required for the utter- ance of a long vowel; e. g. in इषे त्वोर्जे त्वा, the pause between इषे and त्वा is measured by two mātrās; cf. पदविरामो द्विमात्रः T. Pr. XXII.13.Some Prātiśākhya texts declare that the pause between two words is of one mātra as at avagraha; cf. R Pr. II.1 and R. T. 35-38.

पदव्यवस्थासूत्रकारिका a metrical work on the determination of the pada or padas of the roots attri- buted to Vimalakīrti.

पदव्यवस्थासूत्रकारिकाटीका a short gloss on the पदव्यवस्थासूत्रकारिका written by Udayakīrti, a Jain grammarian

पदसंस्कारपक्ष an alternative view with वाक्यसंस्कारपक्ष regarding the forma- tion of words by the application of affixes to crude bases. Ac- cording to the Padasamskāra al- ternative, every word is formed independently, and after forma- tion the words are syntactically connected and used in a sentence. The sense of the sentence too, is understood after the sense of every word has been understood; cf. सुविचार्य पदस्यार्थं वाक्यं गृह्णन्ति सूरयः Sira. on Pari. 22. According to the other alternative viz. वाक्यसंस्कारपक्ष, a whole sentence is brought before the mind and then the constitu- ent individual words are formed e.g. राम +सु, गम् + अ + ति । Both the views have got some advantages and some defects; cf. Par. Sek. Pari. 56.

पदस्फोट expression of the sense by the whole word without any con- sideration shown to its division into a base and an affix. For inst- ance, the word रामेण means 'by Rama' irrespective of any consider- ation whether न is the affix or इन is the affix which could be any of the two, or even one, different from the two; cf. उपायाः शिक्षमाणानां वालानामपलापनाः Vākyapadīya II.240.

पदादि (1) beginning of a word, the first letter of a word; cf. सात्पदाद्योः P. VIII.3.111; cf. also स्वरितो वानुदात्ते पदादौ P. VIII.2.6. Patañjali, for the sake of argument has only once ex- plained पदादि as पदादादिः cf. M.Bh.on I. 1. 63 Vāŗt. 6; (2) a class of words headed by the word पद् which is substituted for पद in all cases ex- cept the nom. and the acc. sin- gular and dual; this class, called पदादि, contains the substitutes पद् , दत्, नस् etc. respectively for पाद दन्त, नासिका etc. cf. Kās on P. VI. 1.63; (3) the words in the class, called पदादि, constiting of the words पद्, दत्, नस्, मस् हृत् and निश् only, which have the case affix after them accented acute; cf. P. VI. 1.171.

पदादिविधि a grammatical operation specifically prescribed for the ini- tial letter of a word.

पदाधिकार the topic concerning padas i.e. words which are regularly formed, as contrasted with words in formation. Several grammatical operations, such as accents or euphonic combinations, are speci- fically prescribed together by Pāņini at places which are said to be in the Padādhikāra formed by sūtras VIII.1.16 to VIII.3.54.

पदान्त final letter of a word; cf. P. VI.1.76, 109; VII.3.3, 9; VIII.