deration of all the other alterna- tives; cf. विभाषा कुरुयुगन्धराभ्याम् । पारिशेष्याद्युगन्धरार्था विभाषा Kāś. on P. IV. 2.130; cf. also पारिशेष्यादजन्तादेव यत् सिद्धः Sira. Pari. 37.
पारिषद lit. belonging to the assem- bly; the term पारिषद refers to the results of the discussions held at the assemblies of specially prominent scholars or learned persons ; cf. सर्ववेदपारिषदं हीदं शास्त्रं (ब्याकरणम्) तत्र नैकः पन्था: शक्य आस्थातुम् । M. Bh. on II. 1. 58; VI. 3.14.
पारोक्ष्य remoteness; lit. being out of sight; in grammar, पारोक्ष्य is a con- dition for the use of the perfect tense ( लिट् ). See परोक्ष.
पार्षद पर्षदि भवं पार्षदम्, lit. the inter- pretation or theory discussed and settled at the assembly of the learned. The word is used in the sense of works on Nirukti or derivation of words as also works of the type of the Prātiśākhyās; cf. पदप्रकृतीनि सर्वचरणानां पार्षदानि Nir. I. 17 and the com. of, दुर्गाचार्यः cf. also पार्षदकृतिरेषा तत्रभवतां नैव लोके नान्य- स्मिन्वेदे अर्ध एकारः अर्ध ओकारो वास्ति M. Bh. on I. 1. 48: see also pp. 104, 105 Vol. VII Mahābhāsya D. E. Society's edition. See पारिषद.
पार्षदव्याख्या name given to the com- mentary written by विष्णुमित्र on the Ŗk Prātiśākhya.
पार्षदसूत्रवृति name given to the works of the type of commentaries written by उव्वट on the old Prā- tiśākhya books.
पाशादि a class of words headed by the word पाश to which the taddhita affix य is added in the sense of collection; e.g. पाश्या, तृण्या, वात्या etc, cf. Kāś. on P. IV. 2.49.
पिङ्गलाचार्य an ancient scholar who is believed to be the first writer on 30
Prosody, his work being known as छन्दःशास्त्र of पिङ्गल. Some scholars believe that he wrote a work on Phonetics which is now popularly called पाणिनीयशिक्षा.
पिच्छादि a class of words headed by the word पिच्छ to which the taddhita affix इल ( इलच् ) is added optionally with मत् ( मतुप् ), in the sense of 'possessed of'; e.g.पिच्छिलः पिच्छवान्, उरसिलः उरस्वान् etc.: cf Kāś. om V. 2. 100.
पिञ्ज a tad. affix applied to the word तिल in the sense of fruitless, useless; cf. तिलान्निष्फलात् पिञ्जपेजौ IV. 2.36 Vārt. 6: cf.also निष्फलस्तिलः तिल- पिञ्जः तिलपेजः । Kāś. on P. IV. 2.36.
पिटव् a tad. affix applied to the word नि in the sense of the depre- ssion of the nose, the word चि being substituted for नि; e.g. चिपिटः; cf. इनच् पिटच् चिक चि च P. V: 2.33
पित् marked with the mute letter प् which is indicative of a grave accent in the case of affixes marked with it, as for example, the affixes तिप् , सिप् and मिप् ; cf. अनुदात्तौ सुप्पितौ P. III. 1.4. A Sarva- dhātuka affix, marked with the mute consonant प्, in Pāņiņi's Grammar has been described as instrumental in causing many operations such as (a) the substitu- tion of guņa; (cf P. VII. 3 84,9l). (b) the prevention of guņa in the case of a reduplicative syllable as also in the case of the roots भू and सू ( cf. P. VII. 3.87, 88 ); (c) the substitution of Vŗddhi, (cf. P. VII. 3.89, 90 ), (d) the augments इ and ई in the case of the roots तृह् and ब्रू respectively ( cf. P. VII. 3.92, 93, 94 ), and (e) acute accent for the vowel preceding the affix in the case of the roots भी, हृी, भृ and others ( cf. P. VI. 1.192 ). A