पुटमेतत् सुपुष्टितम्

वर्णावेतौ M.Bh.on P.I.1.9 Vart. 2; (2) ; contracted combination; name of a Samdhi where two vowels coale- sce into one single vowel, cf. R.Pr. । II. 15-19.

प्रश्लिष्टनिर्देश mention of a thing in a coalescence, which when split up, shows a phonetic element or a letter which could not be known before the components were sepa- rated; अनुपसर्जनात् । प्रश्लिष्टनिर्देशोयम् । अनुपसर्जन अ अ अत् इति । M.Bh. on I. 1.27 Vart. 6; cf also M. Bh. on P.II.3.69.

प्रश्लेष (l) coalescence of two vowels into one, as given in R. Pr. II.6, and 7, corresponding to the गुण, वृद्वि and दीर्घ substitutes prescribed by the rules आद्गुणः P.IV 1.87; अकः सवर्णे दीर्घः VI.1.101; and वृद्धिरेचि VI. 1.88 which are stated under the jurisdiction of the rule एकः पूर्वपरयोः VI.1.84; (2) finding out the pre- sence of a letter in addition to the letters already present as coalesced, after splitting the combination into its different constituent 1etters. This Practice of finding out an additional letter is resorted to by the commentators only to remove certain difficulties in arriving at some correct forms which other- wise could not be obtained; e. g. see क्ङिति च where क्ङ् is believed to be a combination of ग्, क् and ङ् See प्रश्लिष्ट and प्रश्लिष्टनिर्देश.

प्रसंघान lit. linking up; joining; re- peating a word in the Kramapatha and joining it with the following word: e. g. the second words ईळे पुरोहितम् etc. in अग्निं ईळे । ईळे पुरोहितम् । पुरोहितं यज्ञस्य ।

प्रसक्त applicable, but not actually applied; the word is used in con- nection with a grammatical ’rule or operation that has become

applicable, but has not been appli- ed; cf. उत्सर्गस्य प्रसक्तस्यापवादो वाधको भवति, M. Bh. on P. II.3 32, also प्रसक्तस्यादर्शनं लोपसंज्ञं भवति M. Bh. and S.K. on P.I.1. 60. The term प्रसक्त is opposed to the term अभिनिर्वृत्त.

प्रसङ्ग applicability; possibility of be- ing applied; the word is used with respect to a grammatical rule or operation which is on the point of being applied or taking place; the word प्राति is also used in the same sense; cf. को हि शब्दस्य प्रसङ्गः यत्र गम्यते चार्थो न च प्रयुज्यते M.Bh.on P.I.1.60 cf. also द्वौ प्रसङ्गौ अन्यार्थां एकस्मिन् स विप्रतिषेधः,M. Bh. on P.I.4. 2; also cf. प्रसङ्गे सति सदृशतम आदेशः स्यात् S.K. on स्थानेन्तरतमः P. I.1.50.

प्रसज्यप्रतिषेध prohibition of the possi- ble application of a rule, generally laid down by the use of the nega- tive particle न, together with, or connected with, a verbal activity: e.g न लुमताङ्गस्य P.I.1.63, नामि P.VI. 4.3, न माङ्योगे VI.4.74 etc. etc: cf. प्रसज्यप्रतिषेधोSयं क्रियया सह यत्र नञ्; cf.also प्रसज्यायं क्रियागुणौ ततः पश्चान्निवृतिं करोति M.Bh. on P.II.2.6. In some cases the negative particle in a compo- und has also to be taken as stating a negation by प्रसज्यप्रतिषेधः;cf. M.Bh. on सुडनपुंसकस्य P.1.1.43, सार्वधातुकमपित् I.4.2, चादयोsसत्त्वे I. 4. 57.

प्रसाद see प्रक्रियाप्रसाद by Vitthalesa.

प्रसारण a term used by ancient gra- mmarians for संप्रसारण, i.e, the subs- titution of a corresponding vowel for a semivowel; e.g. इ for य्, उ for व्, ऋ for र् and लृ for ल्: cf. रकि ज्यः प्रसारणम् P.I.1.4. Vart. 6.

प्रसारणिन् that which gets, or is liable to get the Prasarana or Samprasa- rana substitute; cf. कविधौ सर्वत्र प्रसारणिभ्यो ड: P.III.2.3 Vart. 1.

प्रसिद्ध (1) established in existence: cf. क्रमेण नार्थः पदसंहिताविदः पुराsप्रसिद्धा